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Dating creation is the attempt to provide an estimate of the age of Earth or the age of the universe as understood through the origin myths of various religious traditions. Various traditional beliefs held that Planet Earth , or the entire Universe , was brought into being in a grand creation event by one or more gods. Once these cultures developed calendars , many began to ponder the question of precisely how long ago this event happened. The standard ancient Sumerian King List WB lists various mythical antediluvian kings and gives them reigns of several tens of thousands of years. The first Sumerian king Alulim , at Eridu , is described as reigning for 28, years, followed by several later kings of similar periods. In total these antediluvian kings ruled for , years from the time when "the kingship was lowered from heaven" to the time when "the flood" swept over the land.
The spontaneous fission of U has a known rate, and as such the number of tracks is theoretically related to the age of the sample.
Because fission-track dating requires a manual count of the fission tracks, the process is more prone to human error and bias than other radiometric dating methods. This problem is made worse because other types of crystal defects can easily be counted as fission tracks.
Dendrochronology is a technique of dating past climatic changes through a study of tree ring growth.
Each year a tree adds a layer of wood to its trunk and branches thus creating the annual rings we see when viewing a cross section. Wide rings are produced during wet years and narrow rings during dry seasons. This technique has posed a different problem for creationists, as this dating method does not make use directly of accelerated decay.
By using dendrochronology scientists have dated certain living trees to having ages of around years. This finding showed the current model for carbon dating to be incorrect, so scientists recalibrated their 14 C model based on this tree.
Relative dating is a technique that uses the "relative" positions of layers and fossils to assign estimated dates to strata. Uniformitarian geologists began using the principles of stratigraphy to assign dates to the layers of the geological column fossils back in the late s. Relative dating uses a combination of fossil studies and structural interpretation to draw conclusions about the geological history of an area.
Ice cores are obtained by drilling core samples of ice in glaciated regions, such as near the poles.
Visible light and dark rings can be found in such cores that are then analyzed to determine the age of the ice. These layers are presumed to be the result of annual fluctuations in climate, and using this method, uniformitarians purport to document ages of overyears.
Creationists, such as Michael Oar contend that these laminations are from subannual events, including layering due to dust to be found in a post-flood ice age. He discusses this theory briefly here. Subannual formation is supported by observations that several such layers of snow and ice can result from the storms within a single winter season. Any dating method depends on a fixed standard, or else it produces arbitrary dates.
Uniformitarian geologists prefer to believe, and claim, that each of their methods uses such a fixed standard. But a careful examination of the so-called "standards" of dating reveals that each of their methods depends on an a priori assumption about the history of the earth.
By continuing to use such methods, uniformitarians make their own chief assertion, that the earth is billions of years old, untestable.
In so doing, they commit the logical fallacies of proof by assertion and circular reasoning. Beyond this, each dating method has problems with the method itself and problems with the interpretation of its results. Some of the "adjustments" that uniformitarians make to the dates that their procedures produce are akin to the detestable practice of "dry-labbing" wherein a dishonest investigator constructs observations out of his own imagination.
One leading expert in isotope geology states that most minerals do not even form in closed systems. A closed system would retain all the argon that radioactive potassium produces.
He emphasizes that for a radioactive-determined date to be true, the mineral must be in a closed system.
Dating of the earth
The constant-decay rate assumption assumes the decay rate remained the same throughout the history of the rock. Lab experiments have shown that most changes in temperature, pressure, and the chemical environment have very little effect on decay rates. These experiments have led researchers to have great confidence that this is a reasonable assumption, but it may not hold true.
Is the following quote an overstatement of known science? This evidence challenges assumption 4.
Secular scientists date the Earth to about billion years old by using selected radiometric dating results. Ultimately, what they call "deep time" serves as the very foundation of evolution theory. Dating the earth in years is tricky. We all know that there are those who believe the earth is billions of years old, and there are those who believe the earth is approximately 6, years old. Sep 21, In the world's leading science journal, Nature, announced that the most ancient rock crystals on earth, according to isotope dating methods, are billion years old and come from Jack Hills in Western Australia.
To illustrate how much radioisotope dating hinges on assumptions, imagine you encounter a burning candle sitting on a table. How long has that candle been burning? However, if the original length is not known, or if it cannot be verified that the burning rate has been constant, it is impossible to tell for sure how long the candle was burning.
A similar problem occurs with radiometric dating of rocks. Since the initial physical state of the rock is unknowable, workers must assume it.
Earth Science: Crash Course History of Science #20
Scientific literature omitted from public school textbooks reveal radioisotope age assignments much older than the known ages of many rocks. These results first arrived in the s and s, but most of the scientific community still pays no attention. Argon and helium isotopes were measured from recent basalt lava erupted on the deep ocean floor from the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii.
Researchers calculated up to 22, years for brand new rocks!
Table 2 gives six examples among many more. The oldest real age of these recent volcanic rocks is less than years. People witnessed and described the molten lava solidify into most of these rocks just decades ago.
Many of these were only about 10 years old. Potassium-Argon 40 K- 40 Ar has been the most widespread method of radioactive age-dating for the Phanerozoic rocks, where most fossils occur.
The misdated rocks shown above violate the initial condition assumption of no radiogenic argon 40 Ar present when the igneous rock formed. There is too much 40 Ar present in recent lava flows. Thus, the method gives excessively old ages for recent rocks. Could the argon they measured have come from a source other than radioactive potassium decay? If so, then geologists have been trusting a faulty method. Furthermore, the slow radioactive decay of 40 K shows that there was insufficient time since cooling for measurable amounts of 40 Ar to have accumulated in the rock.
Therefore, radiogenic argon 40 Ar was already present in the rocks as they formed. Radiometric age dating should no longer be sold to the public as providing reliable, absolute ages. Excess argon invalidates the initial condition assumption for potassium dating, and excess helium invalidates the closed-system assumption for uranium dating. The ages shown on the uniformitarian geologic time scale should be removed.
Researchers have scoured the Ono Formation near Redding in northern California. They described it in scientific publications for more than years. Because the area has millions of fossils including the valuable ammonites and fossilized wood trapped in the same mudflow layers, it provides a unique opportunity for carbon dating.
If the wood still has relatively short-lived radiocarbon inside it, then the age of the supposedly ancient fossils would need revision. Geologist Andrew Snelling gathered four samples of ammonites and wood buried and fossilized together in this solidified mudstone and sent them to the IsoTrace Radiocarbon Laboratory at the University of Toronto, Canada for dating analysis.
Because the ammonites and wood fossils came from a rock unit conventionally regarded as to million years old, the fossils should share that same age.
Such an age far exceeds the limit of the radioactive carbon 14 C method, which in theory extends to artifacts less thancarbon years old. In other words, if these fossils are really over million years old, then there should have been absolutely no measurable 14 C in them-but there was-enough to produce easily measurable ages of 32, to 48, years!
Scientists who believe in long ages assert that the ammonites and wood samples were contaminated with modern carbon in the ground, during sampling, or even in the laboratory. But this study took extensive steps to guard against such contamination. So how can 36, carbon-year-old ammonites and 32, carbon-year-old wood be stuck in a mudflow of million or more conventional years? Two logical options present themselves:.
If Biblical history is accurate as we believe it is, then the second option is the correct choice- none of the dates are correct. The fact that measurable 14 C existed in the ammonites and wood fossils shows that they are very young-certainly not - million years old.
But how can they still outdate the Biblical age of Creation of about 6, years? A number of factors help explain this. Therefore, the true ages of the ammonites and wood are consistent with their burial during the Genesis Flood about 4, years ago. Miller and Joseph S. Levine, Biology. Boston, MA. Biddle editorCreation V. Roger Sigler, M.
Radiometric Dating: Doesn't it Show that the Earth is Billion Years Old?
Atoms consist of protons, neutrons and electrons. An "element" is a substance made up of atoms which have the same number of protons. However, if these atoms have too many or too few neutrons, the element is unstable and will decay.
The unstable element will eventually decay into a stable element. Radiometric dating techniques utilize this natural decay process by measuring how long it takes for the unstable element to decay into a stable element and by measuring how much stable element has been produced by the unstable element, thus determining how long the unstable element has been decaying.
An age is then transferred to the specimen of rock containing the measured elements. The popular age of 4. However, this date is not conclusive. Certainty and assumption are contrary. The dates derived by radiometric dating techniques are highly publicized but the fundamental assumptions employed are not.
To learn more about these foundational assumptions, explore our radiometric dating site. Investigate More Now!
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